IAN FLEMING was born on May 28, 1908, in Mayfair, London, and was educated at Eton, where he was Victor Ludorum two years in succession--a distinction only equalled one other time. After attending Sandhurst, Munich and Geneva Universities, he joined Reuters, making his first mark as a journalist during the famous 1933 Moscow trials of British engineers. This also was his introduction into the world of espionage.
After a short spell as a partner in a stockbrokerage firm, he joined the staff of The Times of London and returned to Moscow. During the war, he served in the British Naval Intelligence Division with the rank of Commander, and in 1945, he joined the Kemsley Newspapers as foreign manager.
At this point, he decided to build a holiday house in Jamaica, which he called Goldeneye after the title of the Carson McCullers novel, Reflections in a Golden Eye. It was at Goldeneye, in 1952, that he conceived the character of James Bond, the most famous secret agent ever and completed his first book, Casino Royale. Fleming married Anne Rothermere the same year.
Casino Royale was published in 1953, followed by (in order of publication): Live and Let Die (1954), Moonraker (1955), Diamonds are Forever (1956), From Russia With Love (1957), Dr. No (1958), Goldfinger (1959), For Your Eyes Only (1960), Thunderball (1961), The Spy Who Loved Me (1962), On Her Majesty's Secret Service (1963), You Only Live Twice (1964), The Man With the Golden Gun (1965), and Octopussy (1966).
He wrote two non-fiction books, The Diamond Smugglers and Thrilling Cities, and a classic children's story, Chitty Chitty Bang Bang which was turned into a multi-million dollar musical film by producer Albert R. Broccoli for United Artists.
Ian Fleming died on August 12, 1964, at the age of fifty-six.
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